The Death of a New World: Disease and Population Decline In South America from 1492 to 1800CE

Download this article (includes footnotes and bibliography)Download Preface: A Subject of Scale In its whole, the story of population in South America from 1492 to 1800CE is one of demographic collapse. At the low point of this period the continent would be witness to a population that reached but 1/5th the size of its pre-Columbian … Continue reading The Death of a New World: Disease and Population Decline In South America from 1492 to 1800CE

The Purpose and Role of Police Forces, Prisons, and Law Courts in Colonial and Post-Colonial Egypt and Sudan

Download this article (includes footnotes and bibliography)Download This article will explain the changing natures of the police forces, prisons, and law courts of Egypt and Sudan across their colonial and post-colonial histories. Although, for the sake of clarity, these three elements will be dealt with individually, it is important that the interconnected nature of these … Continue reading The Purpose and Role of Police Forces, Prisons, and Law Courts in Colonial and Post-Colonial Egypt and Sudan

Imperialism Personified: A Brief Evaluation of Evelyn Baring’s “Modern Egypt”

Even in 1908 it was apparent to many people that Modern Egypt was written with an agenda. Indeed, critics within Britain and Egypt accused Lord Cromer of peddling ‘half-truths’ and using his text as a ‘velvet glove [to hide] the iron hand of his own jealous autocracy’. It was felt by many that the whole … Continue reading Imperialism Personified: A Brief Evaluation of Evelyn Baring’s “Modern Egypt”

The Conquest of Mesoamerica

On the 13th of August 1521, the most powerful leader in Mesoamerica, the Aztec emperor Cuauhtémoc, surrendered to Hernán Cortés, thus marking the beginning of a colonial dominance in the region that would last for nearly 400 years. Yet, at the time of its surrender, the Aztec empire’s population consisted of c. 5,000,000 people whereas … Continue reading The Conquest of Mesoamerica

When the Subaltern Spoke

In the mid-20th century, social history, by which we mean social historiography, saw a major alteration in its focus. It shiftedaway from 19th century Marxist interpretations of a form that concentrated on ‘society’ and the lives of workers who had been underrepresented in favour of a small elite. Its new focus looked instead toward specific … Continue reading When the Subaltern Spoke